Treatment of fungus on the feet

The fungal infection affects the feet in the area of the feet, the skin and the nail plates twitch. Treatment of fungus on the feet includes a comprehensive treatment regimen, which can be carried out at home or in the hospital with the help of pharmacies and folk remedies, the whole feet and nails are treated. If the first symptoms of mycosis are found, it is necessary to start the course without delay in order to prevent complications, in order to cope with the pathology faster.

What is a foot fungus

This disease is caused by fungal spores, there are currently more than 70 thousand species, but only those that cause the development of the disease are considered dangerous. This group includes mycoses caused by the fungus "red trichophyton". Mycosis infection is diagnosed in every fifth inhabitant of the planet, which is associated with a high degree of infectivity. You can catch the fungus simply by walking barefoot by the pool, on the beach or trying on shoes.

After infection of the human body, toxic toxins accumulate, spread further through tissues, organs through the bloodstream and cause a decline in immunity. Experts identify many reasons that become the basis for the development of onychomycosis, but the following are considered the most popular:

  • poor foot hygiene;
  • cuts, corns, wounds on the legs;
  • general weakening of immunity;
  • wearing shoes made of synthetic, low-quality materials, causing heavy sweating of the feet.

How to recognize fungus on the feet

Pathology is considered one of the most common among the world's population. Fungal lesions of the legs may not manifest for a long time, so people suffer from the disease, but do not carry out its treatment, which greatly complicates the treatment of onychomycosis in the future. In the first stages, it penetrates the bloodstream, spreads to organs and systems in the body, which can cause recurrences of the disease.

Each patient develops mycosis according to an individual algorithm, but there are a number of similar symptoms. If you pay attention to them in time, you can greatly simplify the process and duration of treatment. The reason for visiting a dermatologist will be the following manifestations:

  • in the area of skin damage on the feet there is itching, pain;
  • small cracks appear on the skin between the fingers;
  • peeling of the surface of the foot begins, the dermis is too dry, there is roughening and thickening of the skin;
  • small blisters with blisters appear in the interdigital region which then burst and become inflamed;
  • the infection begins to spread to adjacent areas of the skin;
  • the skin of the feet becomes red, these areas begin to itch and ache;
  • an unpleasant odor begins to come out of the feet.
how fungi manifest on the feet

Fungal treatment

Modern medicine offers several directions on how to treat fungus on the feet. As a rule, an integrated approach is used when using local medicines, medicines of general action and folk recipes. The attending physician should choose the course of treatment, because without specialized knowledge, a person will not be able to put together an optimal scheme given the wide range of medications. The specialist will be able to take into account the individual characteristics of the patient, the type of fungal infection. The doctor will consider the following deciding factors:

  • duration of illness;
  • total area of fungal foot lesion;
  • whether there are concomitant pathologies;
  • the nature of the pathological changes.

Drugs

Modern drugs aim not only to destroy pathogenic microbes, but also to stop the progression of fungi. An important feature of the drugs is the ability to accumulate in the nails and stay there for a long time, which reduces the duration of therapy. The treatment is necessarily complex. All drugs aim to disrupt ergosterol synthesis. This substance participates in the formation of the outer membrane of the fungus; without it it loses its protective functions and dies.

The fungus is treated with medication until new healthy-looking nail plates grow. The whole course of therapy lasts from 6 to 12 months. The most powerful drugs cause side effects, for example:

  • decreased sense of taste;
  • decreased appetite;
  • stool disorders;
  • nausea;
  • allergic reactions.

Pills

Drugs in this form are used for systemic treatment, when fungi penetrate the bloodstream and the internal organs become infected. In the initial stages of onychomycosis, doctors try to avoid the need to take pills. If such a need arises, then the following options can be assigned:

  1. Ketoconazole tablets. Effective in the treatment of dermatophytes (surface fungi), dimorphic fungi, yeast. Take 1 tablet at a time (200 mg) with food to increase the absorption of the drug. The duration of medical treatment is determined based on the severity of the symptoms. The drug is excreted from the body partly in the bile and partly in the urine.
  2. Drugs with the active ingredient fluconazole. It is sold in the form of tablets and ointments. Both variants have a detrimental effect on yeast-like and yeast-like pathogens. One hour after administration, the active substances of the drug penetrate into the plasma of the fungal cell. During 5 days there is an accumulation in the nail plates, the membrane of microorganisms is destroyed. They take the drug 150 mg every day for 36 weeks, on the 14th day, the development of the infection stops.

Antifungal ointments and creams

taking medication for foot fungus

These are special medicinal preparations of local action, differing in composition and price. This is one of the most effective ways to get rid of fungus on your feet and nails. They are part of a complex therapy, affecting the symptoms of onychomycosis. It is effective to treat the disease at once with tablets and ointments to kill the fungus on the nails, feet and in the bloodstream.

Medicinal varnishes

For the treatment of fungal infections, there are special tools that look like a simple nail polish on the outside. Such topical preparations are concentrated in the nail plate, exactly at the site of the lesion, which helps to kill the infection or slow its development. How to get rid of fungus on the feet varnishes:

  1. With amorolfine substance. The tool is aimed at destroying the membrane of fungal cells. It is recommended for prophylaxis that healthy nail plates be covered with the product to prevent infection. The product is available for purchase, is sold in any pharmacy and is easy to apply. Of the minuses it is necessary to emphasize the high cost of varnish, moderate efficiency.
  2. With the substance cyclopirox. This option penetrates very quickly into the layers of the nail, copes well with yeast, mold and other types of this infection. The medicine is applied every other day during the first week, and then twice a week until complete recovery. The advantage of this drug is that it kills a wide range of pathogens of onychomycosis, low cost. It must not be given to children, pregnant or breastfeeding women.

How to quickly cure fungus on the feet

The speed of onychomycosis treatment depends on how timely you start therapy. You should immediately consult a doctor who can choose the optimal and effective medication. Don’t wait for your feet to stink and your nails to fall apart. At the first symptoms described above, consult a dermatologist. Treatment of fungus on the feet consists of several directions: local treatment, systemic treatment, folk recipes and medicines. Onychomycosis will be able to cure quickly only in the initial stages of pathology.

diagnosing foot fungus

Treatment of nail fungus folk remedies

This is a variant of the safest drugs for human health for the treatment of fungal infections. Pharmaceutical drugs have a toxic effect, which sometimes leads to unpleasant symptoms. Fungus on the feet can be cured at home without the risk of developing negative consequences. One of the important rules in treating foot fungus at home is hygiene. You need to wear comfortable shoes, change socks every day, clean your boots and sneakers with a solution of vinegar regularly.

Vinegar

This home treatment for toenail fungus aims to create an acidic environment that prevents the spread of fungal spores. This leads to starvation of the infection and death of the spores, the same factor protects against recurrence of the disease. A solution of vinegar with a certain concentration is needed for effective therapy. The patient will need 70% vinegar essence, if you take a table product, then 6-9% acid is enough. If you take a larger number, you can get chemical burns on your skin. There are several ways to use this product:

  1. Medicinal baths. It is necessary to heat the water to 50 degrees Celsius, pour 200 ml of vinegar. The liquid in the sink should be up to the lower leg (it is the ankle). You have to bend your legs for 16 minutes, 3 times a week. After the procedure, you need to wipe your feet dry, wear cotton socks.
  2. Compress. Apply applications immediately after bathing. Moisten a cotton pad with 9% vinegar and place it on the affected area for 15 minutes.
  3. Mast. It is necessary to mix in a ratio of 2: 1 80% vinegar essence and olive oil, glycerin, dimethyl phthalate. Mix the ingredients well. The resulting drug is applied for 8 hours on the sore nail, and then washed with laundry soap.

Iodine

Use a tincture to treat fungus, treat the affected areas of the feet, nails and plaque. Before using this method, you must thoroughly wash your feet with laundry soap and wipe them. Iodine is applied with a disposable stick with a cotton ball. After the product is absorbed, you must soak your foot in hot water for a few minutes. The procedure should be performed every day. You can also mix iodine with an antiseptic solution in a ratio of 1: 1 and treat the nail plate with the composition.

Prophylaxis

The infection infects a person by direct contact with the skin. According to people's reviews, this usually happens in public places: swimming pool, gym, swimming pool, shared showers, etc. If a person's immune defense is at a high level, then the development of foot fungus is inhibited. If the immune system is weakened, the skin of the feet, the nail plates quickly start to look bad. In order for the situation not to lead to surgical removal of diseased nails, it is necessary to adhere to the rules of personal hygiene. What to do to avoid catching mycosis:

  • wear shoes on the beach;
  • wear cotton socks, change them every day;
  • use closed rubber slippers in swimming pools, baths and saunas;
  • never measure someone else’s shoes; in stores you do it in socks;
  • dry your feet thoroughly after showering and bathing, try to keep your feet always dry.