Nail fungus, its varieties and effectiveness

Healthy, beautiful nails are an integral part of a well-groomed person's image. When greeting, the interlocutor pays attention to his hands when he shakes and unconsciously assesses their condition. Therefore, it is recommended to use nail polish as a preventive and therapeutic agent.

The principle of action of antifungal varnishes

applying varnish to treat fungus

Depending on the neglect of the disease and the localization of the fungal infection, doctors recommend different ways and methods that will in any case allow the fungus to be cured as soon as possible. In the initial phase of the infection, a good reaction was noted after the use of a special antifungal varnish. The active components of the composition penetrate deep into the nail plate and can kill even fungal spores.

When applied, the nail plate softens and at the same time improves the penetration of the therapeutic agent. After drying, the concentration of antifungal drug in the affected tissues increases by 20% and lasts for seven days. The maximum concentration of the active substance is reached on the seventh day of applying nail polish on the hands and on the fourteenth day on the feet.

Manufacturers of antifungal varnishes produce their products under different names, but the principle of operation for each of them is identical. Therapeutic antifungal varnishes are actively used to remove onychomycosis and prevent recurrence of the disease. To prevent fungal infections, such agents are also used very effectively.

Nail polish can be based on alcohol or oil. Regardless of consistency, they are equally effective in inhibiting the spread of fungal infection. The main thing is to find out in advance the type of pathogen in order to correctly choose the active ingredient and its concentration. Only in this case, the use of varnish will give the expected result.

The liquid consistency allows the active components of the varnish to penetrate into every microcrack of the treated surface for the most effective effect even on the deepest layers of the nail plate. The active components of the varnish work as efficiently as possible in the initial phase of the development of the fungal infection. They destroy not only fungal cells, but also their spores. By drying, the composition covers the nail with imperceptible trapping, which blocks the possibility of oxygen penetration to the remaining spores, leading to the impossibility of their further reproduction.

When caring for nails affected by fungi, it is necessary to use strictly individual tools, which must be disinfected after each use. Otherwise, you can cause a re-infection.

When treating nail fungus, it should be borne in mind that toenails can accumulate several times more medicinal substances than fingernails. It is also undesirable to use antifungal varnishes from different companies at the same time, as this leads to a reduction in the antifungal effect and delays the healing process.

Advantages and disadvantages

Consider all the positive and negative aspects of using nail fungus. The treatment process itself requires preliminary nail preparation. Keep in mind that the fungus is most often diagnosed on the feet. This is due to the fact that when wearing dirty, low-quality or uncomfortable shoes, the feet are often in a humid and warm environment, which in itself is favorable for the development of fungi.

One of the most important disadvantages of fungal varnish is its high cost and long preparation of the feet before using the product. Cheap drugs of this type can point to a fake, so you should not buy them.

During treatment, it is necessary to completely abandon foot care procedures (pedicure, varnishing, use of lotions and creams). These activities can cause increased growth of fungi and worsening of the inflammatory process.

Positive aspects include the effectiveness of the tool in the initial stage of development of fungal diseases and the ease of application. An important advantage of this form of antifungal drug is not only ease of application, but also the creation of a strong film that "fixes" the active substance in the affected area and prevents its leaching.

We can add a whole list of positive aspects of use:

  • it is quickly fixed on the nail;
  • local effect without additional drugs;
  • minimal toxicity;
  • is on free sale;
  • easy to use;
  • acts preventively;
  • work kindly.

How to properly apply medicated varnishes

Before using any nail polish on the feet, it is necessary to prepare the infected surface. To do this, you need to wash your feet, preferably with laundry soap, and dry your skin with a natural cloth. If necessary, you can steam the nails in water with the addition of tincture of celandine or propolis (for additional disinfection).

Then you have to disinfect the nail surface and use a special file attached to the nail polish to clean the affected nail surface and shorten its length. Only then can the varnish be applied.

For those who are afraid to clean the nail plate themselves or do not want to remove it, there is an easier way to prepare the nail - a hygienic bath with a solution of soap and soda.

At the end of the preparation of the infected nail, an antifungal agent is applied. Experts recommend at least 1 time in 7 days to perform the procedure. Before re-applying the varnish, the previous layer of treatment must be removed with a conventional solvent. The treatment is carried out strictly according to the instructions that come with the kit, because each drug has its own nuances when used.

Which nail polish is better for nails - a review of effective remedies

Very often patients ask the doctor which antifungal varnish is considered the most effective. It is impossible to recommend the best nail fungus nail polish due to the individual characteristics of each person’s body, the degree of infection and the type of fungus pathogen. Therefore, the same drug can be shown in completely different ways in different cases. Below is a list of the most effective remedies against nail fungus, but they should still be selected individually.

Based on amorolfine

This is one of the cheapest drugs in the line of antifungal varnishes. The therapeutic effect of varnishes is manifested only in the initial stage of fungal development, when the nail has not lost its normal structure, and the nail plate is not affected more than a third. Otherwise, its use will be useless. During application, a slight tingling sensation may be felt at the treatment sites.

treatment of toenail fungus

based on cyclopirox

The main active ingredient cyclopirox has a broad spectrum of action and destroys cells of various types of fungal pathogens. It can be used to treat mold, yeast, dermatomycetes and other types of fungi, parasitic bacteria.

The composition quickly penetrates into the deepest layers of the nail plate and nail bed and actively begins to destroy the fungus within one day after the first application.

The application scheme is slightly different from other varnishes. The first month the drug is administered every two days. Second month of treatment - twice a week. For the third month of treatment, one treatment per week is enough.

Before applying the varnish, it is necessary to carefully clean the affected surface of the nail and scissors to reduce its length as much as possible. During the next application, the previous layer of varnish is removed by scraping. The course of treatment should not exceed six months. It is better to buy nail fungus nail polish at the pharmacy. Do not trust suspicious stalls and shops, so as not to buy a fake, buy all medicines only in proven places.

Side effects and contraindications

Even the best nail polish for fungal nails on the feet and hands has contraindications for use and side effects, so study this section of the article carefully. Antifungal varnish refers to medical preparations, therefore, like all drugs, it has a number of contraindications and possible side effects.

Contraindications include:

  • preschool age;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • individual intolerance to products that are part of the fungal varnish;

The following side effects can be identified:

  • unpleasant burning and redness at the site of application (passes on its own in a short period of time);
  • development of contact dermatitis. Such a reaction can occur with the imprecise distribution of the aggressive drug and its interaction with the delicate cuticle skin and periungual ridges.


After re-reading a few reviews of people who have used nail fungus varnishes on themselves, I can advise which nail fungus polish is better and which has not helped them at all or caused additional inconvenience. You should not blindly believe all the reviews, but you can draw some conclusions about the healing process.

  • A 32-year-old woman: "My husband is a professional athlete and has been suffering from toenail fungus for a long time. When they cut, they began to crumble a lot. I immediately consulted a dermatologist and heard a disappointing diagnosis at my address - a fungus. The doctor advised me to try a cheap nail polish on my nails (compared to others) which started to work very quickly. After a month of treatment, I noticed that he is already growing a new healthy, shiny nail that he can't help but look forward to! "
  • A 28-year-old woman: "I often go to the pool and after injuring my big toe, I noticed that it got an unnatural color. After going to the dermatologist, it turned out that in addition to the injury, I also got a fungus. in the pool. It’s good that I recognized the problem at an early stage, and the doctor said it could be pulled out with local treatment. A specialist advised me to buy nail polish. The price of the medicine turned out to be quite high, but health is still more important, so I had to count. I bought a nail polish and the result did not wait long. The diseased nail grew back and refreshed. Now all my nails are shiny and healthy. Now I think when visiting the pool, I will still apply a preventive nail polish to protect my nails from possible re-infection with the fungus. Feedback from people who have used nail polish to treat fungal infections is only positive! "