A common mycotic pathology is the fungus between the fingers, where a favorable environment for various microorganisms is created. Under certain conditions, these can be numerous dermatophytes, mold spores and yeasts. The first sign of their activity is mild itching, which can be accompanied by a burning sensation of varying intensity.
Causes of interdigital fungus on the feet and hands
The main cause of infection is weakening of local or general immunity. Provoking factors can be contact with the carrier, the presence of systemic diseases, other circumstances:
- skin injuries;
- irregular, careless hygiene of limbs;
- hyperhidrosis or, conversely, excessive dryness of the epidermis;
- tight and uncomfortable shoes;
- hypothermia of the extremities or, conversely, diaper rash due to overheating.
The probability of infection increases in public places with a warm and humid microclimate, including baths, saunas, swimming pools and beaches, when you use other people's clothes or shoes.
Types of fungus between the toes
Fungi on the skin between the fingers differ in the type of pathogen and localization. More often than other microorganisms, the disease is caused by dermatophytes, in some cases mold and yeast fungi become the causative agents. Usually, the infection occurs between the toes, the fungus on the hands is less common.
Symptoms of foot and hand fungus
The first sign of the disease is small cracks, the big toe and the skin of the little toe are affected first. In the early stages, microtraumas are accompanied by slight peeling and slight itching between the fingers. In addition to the initial stage with subtle symptoms, the disease goes through three more stages with increased manifestations of the infection. In the second phase:
- slight redness, turning into a large spot;
- the skin peels more intensively;
- vesicles are formed;
- corns, blisters appear;
- the skin becomes rough;
- the itching becomes stronger, occasionally turning into a burning sensation.
In the penultimate stage, the patient's condition worsens significantly, pain is added to severe itching. The clinical picture is as follows:
- cracks deepen, erosions are created;
- peel the skin on the toes and in the interdigital space;
- the vesicles burst, the infiltration is accompanied by crying;
- there is a symptom of diaper rash;
- inflammation begins.
The neglected form is characterized by worsening pain, unbearable burning, redness intensifies, skin injuries deepen, suppuration and bleeding are observed.
Unlike other types of mycosis, this type of fungus is easily diagnosed by visual inspection, even in the initial stage. To identify pathogens, microscopy is used with a preliminary scraping of biomaterial from the affected area. In addition, culture culture, CPR diagnostics, blood and urine tests are prescribed. The complex of laboratory methods will enable:
- accurately determine the type of infection;
- degree of damage;
- pathogen resistance to mycotics.
The diagnosis of the disease can last from a few days to a month. Based on its results, effective drugs and a treatment regimen are selected.
Treatment of the early form of fungus between the toes or fingers may be limited to external means. For later forms, systemic mycotics for oral administration are added to local preparations.
With proper use, ointments act on the entire depth of the skin, completely destroying the surface infection. A few simple recommendations will help to achieve the desired therapeutic effect:
- the external medicine is applied to clean and steamed skin, therefore before each treatment, limb baths are prepared;
- with an abundance of microtraumas on the legs, it is not recommended to use solutions based on caustic components;
- after steaming, the skin is gently cleaned all over the foot, especially carefully in the interdigital space;
- the pre-treatment ends with thorough wiping with a towel or disposable napkins;
- The ointment is applied in a thin layer, evenly distributed on the affected area, following the application with light rubbing movements.
An arbitrary choice of ointment is not recommended, the medicine prescribed by the doctor will be the most effective and safest.
In the initial stage, interdigital fungus responds well to treatment with solutions. The liquid form is easily absorbed, quickly penetrating the thickness of the skin. It is applied to a clean, dry surface without any additional manipulations using cotton pads or sticks. Injectable Novocain can be used as a non-essential drug. When applied with lotions, the solution:
- dries the skin and relieves inflammation;
- soothes itching and burning;
- allows you to remove redness;
- provides a disinfecting effect.
For deep penetration of the infection, when the local drug is unable to cope with the disease, a tablet type of mycotics is prescribed. The tool works from the inside, which provides a strong therapeutic effect, allows you to completely get rid of the fungus, even in its advanced form.
However, doctors avoid prescribing the same drug in different forms for complex therapy. This reduces the pathogen's sensitivity to the agent, prolonging the course of treatment. The specifics of application and the presence of contraindications can cause serious side effects, which will greatly complicate the treatment. Therefore, the doctor should choose the drug, determine its dose, frequency and duration of use.
The advantage of such treatment is the possibility of performing procedures at home with self-prepared means without additional costs. Despite its popularity, therapy exclusively with folk remedies does not always lead to complete recovery. But they cope well with external manifestations, help in the treatment of early interdigital mycosis in combination with drugs.
Salt and soda baths
This method is considered one of the most affordable and easiest to use. The recipe does not require expensive components, a liter of boiled water, temperature around 40 degrees, 2 teaspoons is enough to prepare the solution. soda or salt. It is better to use sea salt, but if you don't have it, you can get by with regular table salt. The components are mixed, the limbs are kept in the solution for up to half an hour. It is recommended to bathe at least once a day, and the last procedure should preferably be carried out before going to bed.
For this option, you can use a decoction of dry collections of celandine, chamomile, plantain. The components are taken one spoon at a time, poured with a liter of boiling water and cooked over low heat. After filtering, the soup is poured into a container for the procedure, and the legs are steamed for at least 20 minutes. After bathing, the skin is gently cleaned of dead layers of the epidermis and dried. Iodine or hydrogen peroxide can be used for additional treatment of the affected areas.
Lotions with vinegar
It is often recommended that the fungus on the skin between the fingers be treated with a vinegar solution. The liquid creates an acidic environment unfavorable for infection, which inhibits the activity of pathogens. 9% table vinegar is used for lotions:
- moistened cotton pads are attached between the fingers;
- the limb is covered with transparent film;
- the lotion lasts up to 5 minutes.
After the procedure, it is necessary to rinse the skin with running water at a comfortable temperature. Repeat at least 1 time a day, daily, until the symptoms disappear.
Treatment during pregnancy
During pregnancy, mycosis between the fingers is a special danger. Self-medication in such a situation is unacceptable, therapy is carried out under the supervision of a doctor. When choosing drugs and regimens, it is necessary to take into account the ratio of benefit to the mother and harm to the fetus.
Treatment of fungus between fingers and toes in children
The infection affects children in rare cases, usually the source of the disease is infection from adults. The treatment regimen is almost the same as for adults. An important nuance is the reduced dose, especially of systemic drugs. The daily dose of some is determined by the weight of the child. Age restrictions should be considered before use.
Prevention of fungal infection
The main way to prevent infection and the development of a fungal infection remains personal hygiene and strengthening the body's protective functions. Comfortable shoes made of breathable, natural materials will help keep your feet healthy.